UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549


FORM 10-Q


(Mark One)

 

 


þ


 


QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934


For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2017


OR


o


 


TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934


For the transition period from _______________ to _______________

Commission file number: 001-35994

Heat Biologics, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

26-2844103

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

801 Capitola Drive

Durham, NC

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

27713

(Zip Code)

(919) 240-7133

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, including Area Code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ  No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes þ  No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” “smaller reporting company” and emerging growth company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

¨

 

Accelerated filer

¨

Non-accelerated filer

¨

 

Smaller reporting company

þ

(Do not check if smaller reporting company)

 

 

Emerging growth company

þ

If an emerging growth company indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. þ

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o  No þ

As of August 10, 2017 there were 35,788,912 shares of Common Stock, $0.0002 par value per share, outstanding.

 

 




 


HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS 

 

 

Page No.

                     

                

 

 

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements

1

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2017 (unaudited) and December 31, 2016

1

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss (unaudited) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2016

2

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (unaudited) for the six months ended June 30, 2017

3

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited) for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2016

4

 

 

 

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

5

 

 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

16

 

 

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

22

 

 

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

22

 

 

 

 

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

24

 

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

24

 

 

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

25

 

 

 

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

25

 

 

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

25

 

 

 

Item 5.

Other Information

25

 

 

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

25


SIGNATURES

26







 


FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). All statements, other than statements of historical facts, contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including statements regarding our strategy, future operations, future financial position, future revenues, projected costs, prospects, plans and objectives of management, are forward-looking statements. The words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “predict,” “project,” “target,” “potential,” “will,” “would,” “could,” “should,” “continue” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words.

Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and our actual results could differ materially from the results discussed in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, our ability to raise additional capital to support our clinical development program and other operations, our ability to develop products of commercial value and to identify, discover and obtain rights to additional potential product candidates, our ability to protect and maintain our intellectual property and the ability of our licensors to obtain and maintain patent protection for the technology or products that we license from them, the outcome of research and development activities, our reliance on third-parties, competitive developments, the effect of current and future legislation and regulation and regulatory actions, as well as other risks described more fully in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”).  Readers are cautioned that these forward-looking statements are only predictions and are subject to risks, uncertainties, and assumptions that are difficult to predict, including those identified below, under Part II, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” and elsewhere herein and those identified under Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 filed with the SEC on March 31, 2017. Therefore, actual results may differ materially and adversely from those expressed in any forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements for any reason.

As a result of these and other factors, we may not actually achieve the plans, intentions or expectations disclosed in our forward-looking statements, and you should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements. Our forward-looking statements do not reflect the potential impact of any future acquisitions, mergers, dispositions, joint ventures or investments we may make. We do not assume any obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.


NOTE REGARDING COMPANY REFERENCES

Throughout this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, “Heat Biologics,” “the Company,” ‘we” and “our” refer to Heat Biologics, Inc.





i



 


PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

Consolidated Balance Sheets


 

 

June 30,

2017

 

December 31,

2016

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

Current Assets

    

                          

    

                          

  

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

8,345,769

 

$

7,842,667

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

10,034

 

 

82,305

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

273,262

 

 

338,049

 

Total Current Assets

 

 

8,629,065

 

 

8,263,021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and Equipment, net

 

 

308,210

 

 

359,592

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Restricted cash

 

 

2,292

 

 

101,171

 

In-process R&D

 

 

5,866,000

 

 

 

Goodwill

 

 

2,189,338

 

 

 

Deposits

 

 

69,798

 

 

69,798

 

Related party receivable

 

 

 

 

103,017

 

Total Other Assets

 

 

8,127,428

 

 

273,986

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Assets

 

$

17,064,703

 

$

8,896,599

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

1,007,671

 

$

290,058

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

1,409,212

 

 

 

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

 

702,740

 

 

1,305,173

 

Total Current Liabilities

 

 

3,119,623

 

 

1,595,231

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long Term Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other long term liabilities

 

 

439,618

 

 

461,434

 

Deferred tax liability

 

 

2,111,760

 

 

 

Contingent consideration

 

 

2,385,000

 

 

 

Total Liabilities

 

 

8,056,001

 

 

2,056,665

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and Contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $.0002 par value; 50,000,000 shares authorized, 35,769,846 and 26,204,390 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2017 (unaudited) and December 31, 2016, respectively

 

 

6,839

 

 

4,926

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

73,726,240

 

 

65,868,541

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(63,413,508

)

 

(57,004,655

)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

 

(148,266

)

 

(72,231

)

Total Stockholders’ Equity– Heat Biologics, Inc.

 

 

10,171,305

 

 

8,796,581

 

Non-Controlling Interest

 

 

(1,162,603

)

 

(1,956,647

)

Total Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

9,008,702

 

 

6,839,934

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

 

$

17,064,703

 

$

8,896,599

 



See Notes to Financial Statements


1



 


HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

(Unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended,
June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended,
June 30,

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

Revenue:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grant and licensing revenue

 

$

411,250

 

$

 

 

$

435,490

 

$

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

2,151,932

 

 

1,776,325

 

 

 

3,964,833

 

 

5,434,333

 

General and administrative

 

 

1,582,581

 

 

1,083,298

 

 

 

3,109,596

 

 

2,114,456

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

3,734,513

 

 

2,859,623

 

 

 

7,074,429

 

 

7,548,789

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(3,323,263

)

 

(2,859,623

)

 

 

(6,638,939

)

 

(7,548,789

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

 

6,466

 

 

7,854

 

 

 

11,687

 

 

18,955

 

Other income (expense), net

 

 

7,716

 

 

(57,166

)

 

 

77,443

 

 

22,535

 

Interest expense

 

 

 

 

(123,832

)

 

 

 

 

(259,954

)

Total non-operating income (expenses), net

 

 

14,182

 

 

(173,144

)

 

 

89,130

 

 

(218,464

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

 

(3,309,081

)

 

(3,032,767

)

 

 

(6,549,809

)

 

(7,767,253

)

Net loss – non-controlling interest 

 

 

(90,166

)

 

(107,546

)

 

 

(140,956

)

 

(282,428

)

Net loss attributable to Heat Biologics, Inc.

 

$

(3,218,915

)

$

(2,925,221

)

 

$

(6,408,853

)

$

(7,484,825

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss per share attributable to Heat Biologics, Inc.—basic and diluted

 

$

(0.09

)

$

(0.17

)

 

$

(0.21

)

$

(0.56

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average number of common shares used in net loss per share attributable to common stockholders—basic and diluted

 

 

35,244,833

 

 

17,524,641

 

 

 

31,124,119

 

 

13,324,641

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive loss:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

 

(3,309,081

)

 

(3,032,767

)

 

 

(6,549,809

)

 

(7,767,253

)

Unrealized (loss)/gain on foreign currency translation

 

 

(9,660

)

 

49,233

 

 

 

(76,035

)

 

(26,574

)

Total other comprehensive loss

 

 

(3,318,741

)

 

(2,983,534

)

 

 

(6,625,844

)

 

(7,793,827

)

Comprehensive loss attributable to non-controlling interest

 

 

(90,166

)

 

(107,546

)

 

 

(140,956

)

 

(282,428

)

Comprehensive loss

 

$

(3,228,575

)

$

(2,875,988

)

 

$

(6,484,888

)

$

(7,511,399

)








See Notes to Financial Statements


2



 


HEAT BIOLOGICS INC.

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

(Unaudited)


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

Common

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

Comprehensive

 

Non-Controlling

 

 

Stockholders

 

 

 

 

 

Stock

 

 

APIC

 

 

Deficit

 

Loss

 

Interest

 

 

Equity

 

Balance at December 31, 2016

 

 

 

$

4,926

 

 

$

65,868,541

 

 

$

(57,004,655

)

$

(72,231

)

$

(1,956,647

)

 

$

6,839,934

 

Public offering, 5,750,000 shares, net of underwriters discounts

 

 

 

 

1,150

 

 

 

4,181,850

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,183,000

 

Issuance of common stock, 2,346,727 shares

 

 

 

 

469

 

 

 

2,461,411

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,461,880

 

Issuance of common stock for acquisition of Pelican, 1,331,056 shares

 

 

 

 

266

 

 

 

1,051,734

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,052,000

 

Acquisition of non-controlling interest of Pelican

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

935,000

 

 

 

935,000

 

Stock issuance costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(239,617)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(239,617

)

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

28

 

 

 

402,321

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

402,349

 

Other comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(76,035

)

 

 

 

 

(76,035

)

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(6,408,853

)

 

 

 

(140,956

)

 

 

(6,549,809

)

Balance at June 30, 2017

 

 

 

$

6,839

 

 

$

73,726,240

 

 

$

(63,413,508

)

$

(148,266

)

$

(1,162,603

)

 

$

9,008,702

 





See Notes to Financial Statements


3



 


HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)


 

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

    

                          

    

                          

  

Net loss

 

$

(6,549,809

)

 

$

(7,767,253

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

Depreciation

 

 

66,671

 

 

 

65,553

 

Amortization of deferred financing costs and debt issuance costs

 

 

 

 

 

51,489

 

Amortization of held to maturity investment premium

 

 

 

 

 

32,733

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

402,349

 

 

 

341,756

 

Increase (decrease) in cash arising from changes in assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

72,543

 

 

 

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

68,591

 

 

 

434,725

 

Related party receivable

 

 

 

 

 

(27,000

)

Restricted cash

 

 

98,879

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

 

(202,244

)

 

 

(1,523,093

)

Deferred revenue

 

 

1,409,212

 

 

 

 

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

 

(767,418

)

 

 

(748,775

)

Other long term liabilities

 

 

(21,816

)

 

 

247,017

 

Net Cash Used in Operating Activities

 

 

(5,423,042

)

 

 

(8,892,848

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from maturities of short-term investments

 

 

 

 

 

6,656,910

 

Purchase of Pelican, net of cash acquired

 

 

(468,801

)

 

 

 

Purchase of property and equipment

 

 

(15,289

)

 

 

(43,501

)

Net Cash (Used in) Provided by Investing Activities

 

 

(484,090

)

 

 

6,613,409

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from public offering, net of underwriting discounts

 

 

4,183,000

 

 

 

6,287,250

 

Proceeds from the issuance of common stock, net of commissions

 

 

2,461,880

 

 

 

 

Stock issuance costs

 

 

(239,617

)

 

 

(190,768

)

Payments on long term debt

 

 

 

 

 

(1,613,125

)

Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities

 

 

6,405,263

 

 

 

4,483,357

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 

 

4,971

 

 

 

(28,481

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (Decrease) Increase in Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

 

503,102

 

 

 

2,175,437

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents – Beginning of Period

 

 

7,842,667

 

 

 

4,939,955

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents – End of Period

 

$

8,345,769

 

 

$

7,115,392

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental Disclosure for Cash Flow Information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contingent consideration

 

$

2,385,000

 

 

$

 

Issuance of common stock for purchase of Pelican

 

$

1,052,000

 

 

$

 

Interest paid

 

$

 

 

$

208,465

 






See Notes to Financial Statements


4



 


HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)


1. Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies


Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation


The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial reporting. However, certain information or footnote disclosures normally included in complete financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed, or omitted, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). In the opinion of the Company’s management, the unaudited consolidated financial statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q include all normal and recurring adjustments necessary for the fair statement of the results for the interim periods presented. The results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for any other interim period or for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2017.


The consolidated financial statements as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are unaudited. The balance sheet as of December 31, 2016 is derived from the audited consolidated financial statements as of that date. The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes, together with Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 filed with the SEC on March 31, 2017 (the “2016 Annual Report”).


On April 28, 2017, the Company completed the acquisition of an 80% controlling interest in Pelican Therapeutics, Inc.(“Pelican”), a related party prior to acquisition. Operations of Pelican are included in the consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss from the acquisition date.  In October 2016, the Company formed a wholly-owned subsidiary, Zolovax, Inc. to focus on the development of gp96-based vaccines initially targeting Zika with the ability to target HIV, West Nile dengue and yellow fever, among others.


The accompanying consolidated financial statements as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 include the accounts of Heat Biologics, Inc. (“the Company”), and its subsidiaries, Heat Biologics I, Inc. (“Heat I”), Heat Biologics III, Inc. (“Heat III”), Heat Biologics IV, Inc. (“Heat IV”), Heat Biologics GmbH, and Heat Biologics Australia Pty Ltd.  Additionally, as of the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 the accompanying consolidated financials include Zolovax and Pelican. The functional currency of the entities located outside the United States is the applicable local currency (the foreign entities). Assets and liabilities of the foreign entities are translated at period-end exchange rates.  Statement of operations accounts are translated at the average exchange rate during the period.  The effects of foreign currency translation adjustments are included in other comprehensive loss, which is a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss in stockholders’ equity. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. At December 31, 2016 and June 30, 2017, the Company held a 92.5% controlling interest in Heat I and at June 30, 2017, Heat held an 80% controlling interest in Pelican. All other subsidiaries are wholly owned. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 the Company recognized $75,715 and $126,506 in non-controlling interest for Heat I, respectively and since the April 28, 2017 acquisition of Pelican the Company recognized $14,450 in non-controlling interest for Pelican for the same period. The Company accounts for its less than 100% interest in these subsidiaries in the consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Accordingly, the Company presents non-controlling interests as a component of stockholders’ equity on its consolidated balance sheets and reports non-controlling interest net loss under the heading “net loss – non-controlling interest” in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.





5



HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 


The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis. The Company has an accumulated deficit of approximately $63.4 million as of June 30, 2017 and a net loss of approximately $6.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017, and has not generated significant revenue or positive cash flows from operations. These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the financial statements are issued. The accompanying consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts or amounts of liabilities that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty. To meet its capital needs, the Company is considering multiple alternatives, including, but not limited to, additional equity financings (including through the “at-the-market” Issuance Sales Agreement, the “FBR Sales Agreement” that it entered into with FBR Capital Markets & Co. (“FBR”) in August 2016), debt financings, partnerships, collaborations and other funding transactions. There can be no assurance that the Company will be able to meet the requirements for use of the FBR Sales Agreement or to complete any such transactions on acceptable terms or otherwise. On April 28, 2017, the acquisition of an 80% controlling interest in Pelican, a related party prior to acquisition, was completed. Pelican has been awarded a $15.2 million grant to fund preclinical and some clinical activities from the Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas (“CPRIT”). The CPRIT grant is subject to customary CPRIT funding conditions. The Company believes the acquisition aligns its strategic focus and strengthens its position in the T cell activation arena.  If the Company is unable to obtain the necessary capital required to maintain operations, it will need to pursue a plan to license or sell its assets, seek to be acquired by another entity and/or cease operations.


Revenue Recognition


The Company’s main source of revenue is grant revenue related to a $15.2 million research grant received from the Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas (“CPRIT”), covering a three-year period from June 1, 2016 through May 31, 2019. Grant revenue is recognized when qualifying costs are incurred and there is reasonable assurance that the conditions of the award have been met for collection. Proceeds received prior to the costs being incurred or the conditions of the award being met are recognized as deferred revenue until the services are performed and the conditions of the award are met (see Note 9).


Business Combinations


We account for acquisitions using the acquisition method of accounting, which requires that all identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed be recorded at their estimated fair values. The excess of the fair value of purchase consideration over the fair values of identifiable assets and liabilities is recorded as goodwill. When determining the fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, management makes significant estimates and assumptions.

 

Critical estimates in valuing certain intangible assets include but are not limited to future expected cash flows from acquired patented technology. Management’s estimates of fair value are based upon assumptions believed to be reasonable, but are inherently uncertain and unpredictable and, as a result, actual results may differ from estimates. Other estimates associated with the accounting for acquisitions may change as additional information becomes available regarding the assets acquired and liabilities assumed (see Note 2).


Goodwill and In-Process Research and Development


We classify intangible assets into three categories: (1) intangible assets with definite lives subject to amortization, (2) intangible assets with indefinite lives not subject to amortization and (3) goodwill. We determine the useful lives of definite-lived intangible assets after considering specific facts and circumstances related to each intangible asset. Factors we consider when determining useful lives include the contractual term of any agreement related to the asset, the historical performance of the asset, and other economic facts; including competition and specific market conditions. Intangible assets that are deemed to have definite lives are amortized, primarily on a straight-line basis, over their estimated useful lives.

 

Intangible assets that are deemed to have indefinite lives, including goodwill, are reviewed for impairment annually, or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the asset might be impaired. The impairment test for indefinite-lived intangibles, other than goodwill, consists of a comparison of the fair value of the intangible asset with its carrying amount. If the carrying amount exceeds the fair value, an impairment charge is recognized in an amount equal to that excess.

 



6



HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 


Indefinite-lived intangible assets, such as goodwill, are not amortized. The Company will test the carrying amounts of goodwill for recoverability on an annual basis or when events or changes in circumstances indicate evidence a potential impairment exists, using a fair value based test. No impairment existed at June 30, 2017.


In-process research and development, or IPR&D, assets are considered to be indefinite-lived until the completion or abandonment of the associated research and development projects. IPR&D assets represent the fair value assigned to technologies that we acquire, which at the time of acquisition have not reached technological feasibility and have no alternative future use. During the period that the assets are considered indefinite-lived, they are tested for impairment on an annual basis, or more frequently if we become aware of any events occurring or changes in circumstances that indicate that the fair value of the IPR&D assets are less than their carrying amounts. If and when development is complete, which generally occurs upon regulatory approval and the ability to commercialize products associated with the IPR&D assets, these assets are then deemed definite-lived and are amortized based on their estimated useful lives at that point in time. If development is terminated or abandoned, we may have a full or partial impairment charge related to the IPR&D assets, calculated as the excess of carrying value of the IPR&D assets over fair value (see Note 5).


Contingent Consideration

 

Consideration paid in a business combination may include potential future payments that are contingent upon the acquired business achieving certain levels of earnings in the future (“contingent consideration”). Contingent consideration liabilities are measured at their estimated fair value as of the date of acquisition, with subsequent changes in fair value recorded in the consolidated statements of operations. The Company estimates the fair value of the contingent consideration as of the acquisition date using the estimated future cash outflows based on the probability of meeting future milestones. The milestone payments will be made upon the achievement of clinical and commercialization milestones as well as single low digit royalty payments and payments upon receipt of sublicensing income. Subsequent to the date of acquisition, we reassess the actual consideration earned and the probability-weighted future earn-out payments at each balance sheet date. Any adjustment to the contingent consideration liability will be recorded in the consolidated statements of operations. Contingent consideration liabilities are presented in long-term liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets (see Note 2).


Income Taxes.


We account for income taxes using the asset and liability method, which requires recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the difference between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities, using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance to the extent that utilization is not presently more likely than not.


Significant Accounting Policies


The significant accounting policies used in preparation of these interim financial statements are disclosed in the Company's Form 10-K, and have not changed significantly since such filing.


Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements


In May 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2017-09, Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting (ASU 2017-09).  This ASU provides that an entity should account for the effects of a modification unless the fair value, the vesting conditions of the modified award and the classification of the modified award (equity or liability instrument) are the same as the original award immediately before the modification. The provisions of this ASU are effective for years beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company plans to adopt this standard in the third quarter of 2017 and does not expect it to have significant impact to the Company’s consolidated financial statements.




7



HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 


In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment (Topic 350). This standard eliminates Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test, instead requiring an entity to recognize a goodwill impairment charge for the amount by which the goodwill carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value. This guidance is effective for interim and annual goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019 with early adoption permitted. This guidance must be applied on a prospective basis. The Company chose to adopt this standard beginning the third quarter of 2017. The Company does not believe the early adoption will have an impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.


In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805) to clarify the definition of a business, which is fundamental in the determination of whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses combinations. The updated guidance requires that in order to be considered a business the integrated set of assets and activities acquired must include, at a minimum, an input and process that contribute to the ability to create output. If substantially all of the fair value of the assets acquired is concentrated in a single identifiable asset or group of similar assets, it is not considered a business, and therefore would not be considered a business combination. The update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods with fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted this standard in its acquisition of Pelican.


In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting (ASU 2016-09).  Under ASU 2016-09, the tax effects of stock compensation will be recognized as income tax expense or benefit to the Company’s income statement and the tax effects of exercised or vested awards will be treated as discrete items in the reporting period in which they occur. Along with other income tax cash flows, excess tax benefits will be classified as operating activities, and cash paid by the Company when directly withholding shares for tax withholding purposes will be classified as financing activities. The Company has elected to continue to account for forfeitures when they occur. The adoption of ASU 2016-09 did not have a material impact to the Company’s consolidated financial statements.


In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), requiring lessees to recognize for all leases (with the exception of short-term leases) at the commencement date: (1) a lease liability, which is a lessee’s obligation to make lease payments arising from a lease, measured on a discounted basis, and (2) a right-of-use (“ROU”) asset, which is an asset that represents the lessee’s right to use, or control the use of, a specified asset for the lease term. The update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. The Company currently anticipates that upon adoption of the new standard, ROU assets and lease liabilities will be recognized in amounts that will be immaterial to the consolidated balance sheets.


In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASU 2014-09), which requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. The ASU will replace most existing revenue recognition guidance in U.S. GAAP when it becomes effective. In July 2015, the FASB voted to defer the effective date of the new standard until fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017 with early application permitted for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016.  Due to insignificant revenue to date, we do not believe the adoption of the standard will have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.


2. Acquisition of Pelican Therapeutics


On April 28, 2017, the Company consummated the acquisition of 80% of the outstanding equity of Pelican, a related party, and Pelican became a majority owned subsidiary of the Company. Operations of Pelican are included in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss from the acquisition date.  Pelican is a biotechnology company focused on the development and commercialization of monoclonal antibody and fusion protein-based therapies that are designed to activate the immune system. In exchange for 80% of the outstanding capital stock of Pelican on a fully diluted basis, the Company paid to the Pelican Stockholders that executed the Stock Purchase Agreement (the “Participating Pelican Stockholders”) an aggregate of $500,000 (the “Cash Consideration”), and issued to the Participating Pelican Stockholders 1,331,056 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock representing 4.99% of the outstanding shares of our common stock on the date of the initial execution of the Purchase Agreement (the “Stock Consideration”). The Cash Consideration will be reduced by the amount by which certain of Pelican’s accrued liabilities are not satisfied for less than $250,000.  The Cash Consideration and Stock Consideration are being held in escrow for a period of up to six months to secure certain indemnification and other obligations of Pelican and the Participating Pelican Stockholders in connection with the acquisition. Under the agreement, the Company is also obligated to make future payments based on the achievement of certain milestones. The fair value of these future milestone payments are reflected in the contingent consideration account under long term liabilities on the balance sheet.



8



HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 


We have recorded the assets purchased and liabilities assumed at their estimated fair value in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 805: Business Combinations. The purchase price exceeded the fair value of the net assets acquired resulting in goodwill of $2,189,338. The identifiable indefinite-lived intangible asset consists of in-process R&D of $5,866,000. Operations of the acquired entity are included in the consolidated statements of operations from the acquisition date. Fees and expenses associated with the acquisition were approximately $559,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and are reported in our G&A expense.


The purchase price has been allocated to the assets and liabilities as follows: 


Aggregate consideration:

 

 

 

Cash consideration

 

$

500,000

 

Stock consideration

 

$

1,052,000

 

Contingent consideration

 

$

2,385,000

 

Total Consideration

 

$

3,937,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase price allocation:

 

 

 

 

Cash acquired

 

$

31,199

 

In-process R&D

 

$

5,866,000

 

Goodwill

 

$

2,189,338

 

Deferred tax liability

 

$

(2,111,760

)

Net liabilities assumed

 

$

(1,102,777

)

Fair value of non-controlling interest

 

$

(935,000

)

Total purchase price

 

$

3,937,000

 


The purchase price allocation presented herein is preliminary. The final purchase price allocation will be determined after completion of an analysis to determine the fair value of all assets acquired and liabilities assumed, but in no event later than one year following completion of the Pelican acquisition. Accordingly, the deferred tax liability is an estimate and final deferred tax liability adjustments could differ materially from the preliminary amounts presented herein. Any increase or decrease in the in-process R&D asset, as compared to the information shown herein, could also change the portion of purchase price allocated to goodwill, and could impact the operating results of the Company following the acquisition due to differences in purchase price allocation and amortization related to some of these assets and liabilities.


Goodwill is calculated as the difference between the acquisition-date fair value of the consideration transferred and the fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed. The goodwill resulting from this acquisition arises largely from synergies expected from combining the operations. The goodwill is not deductible for income tax purposes.


In-process R&D assets are treated as indefinite-lived until the completion or abandonment of the associated R&D program, at which time the appropriate useful lives will be determined.


The Company calculated the fair value of the non-controlling interest acquired in the acquisition as 20% of the equity interest of Pelican, adjusted for a minority interest discount.


Pelican has contributed net revenue and net loss of $411,250 and $72,252, respectively, included in the Company’s consolidated statement of operations for the six months ended June 30, 2017, excluding acquisition and integration related expenses included in non-recurring and acquisition-related costs.




9



HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 


The following unaudited pro forma information presents the combined results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, as if we had completed the Pelican acquisition at the beginning of fiscal 2016. The pro forma financial information is provided for comparative purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of what actual results would have been had the acquisition occurred on the date indicated, nor does it give effect to synergies, cost savings, fair market value adjustments, immaterial amortization expense and other changes expected to result from the acquisition. Accordingly, the pro forma financial results do not purport to be indicative of consolidated results of operations as of the date hereof, for any period ended on the date hereof, or for any other future date or period.


In thousands:

 

 

Three Months Ended

June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Revenue

 

$

411

 

$

 

 

$

435

 

 

$

 

Net loss

 

 

(3,311

)

 

(3,223

)

 

 

(6,941

)

 

 

(8,051

)

Net loss: Non-controlling interest

 

 

(91

)

 

(145

)

 

 

(219

)

 

 

(339

)

Net loss attributable to Heat Biologics, Inc.

 

$

(3,220

)

$

(3,078

)

 

$

(6,722

)

 

$

(7,712

)

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

Net loss per share attributable to Heat Biologics, Inc.—basic and diluted

 

$

(0.09

)

$

(0.17

)

 

$

(0.21

)

 

$

(0.77

)


3. Fair Value of Financial Instruments


The carrying amount of certain of the Company’s financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, related party receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses and other payables approximate fair value due to their short maturities.


As a basis for determining the fair value of certain of the Company’s financial instruments, the Company utilizes a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows:


Level I – Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.


Level II – Observable inputs, other than Level I prices, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.


Level III – Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.


This hierarchy requires the Company to use observable market data, when available, and to minimize the use of unobservable inputs when determining fair value. Assets and liabilities measured at fair value are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Company's assessment of the significance of a particular input to the entire fair value measurement requires management to make judgments and consider factors specific to the asset or liability. The Company's cash equivalents are classified within Level I of the fair value hierarchy.


The following table provides a rollforward of the Company’s Level 3 fair value measurements:


 

 

Contingent Consideration

 

Balance at December 31, 2016

 

$

 

Acquisition of Pelican

 

 

2,385,000

 

Change in fair value

 

 

 

Balance at June 30, 2017

 

$

2,385,000

 




10



HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 


4. Property and Equipment


Property and equipment are recorded at cost and depreciated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives, ranging generally from five to seven years. Expenditures for maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred.


Property and equipment consisted of the following:


 

 

June 30,

2017

 

December 31,
2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

Furniture and fixtures

 

$

55,883

 

$

55,883

 

Computers

 

 

41,333

 

 

38,903

 

Lab equipment

 

 

599,339

 

 

587,366

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

696,555

 

 

682,152

 

Accumulated depreciation

 

 

(388,345

)

 

(322,560

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net

 

$

308,210

 

$

359,592

 


Depreciation expense was $66,671 and $65,553 for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.


5. Goodwill and In-process R&D


As of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company had goodwill of $2,189,338 and $0, respectively. Based upon the results of the qualitative testing, the Company will conclude whether it is more likely than not that the fair values of the Company’s goodwill are in excess of its carrying value or if an impairment has occurred.


As of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company had in-process R&D of $5,866,000 and $0, respectively. Acquired in-process R&D is stated at cost and may be immediately expensed if there is no alternative future use. Otherwise, the acquired in-process R&D is reviewed annually for impairment or more frequently as changes in circumstances or the occurrence of events suggest that the remaining value may not be recoverable.


6. Accrued Expenses and other payables


Accrued expenses and other payables consist of the following:


 

 

June 30,
2017

 

December 31,
2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accrued clinical trial and other expenses

 

$

519,820

 

$

580,218

 

Compensation and related benefits

 

 

35,295

 

 

642,532

 

Deferred rent

 

 

35,324

 

 

42,423

 

Patent fees

 

 

30,000

 

 

40,000

 

Other expenses related to Pelican acquisition

 

 

82,301

 

 

 

 

 

$

702,740

 

$

1,305,173

 


The decrease of compensation and related benefits was related to 2016 employee bonuses which were accrued at December 31, 2016 but subsequently paid in January 2017.




11



HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 


7. Stock-Based Compensation


Common Stock Warrants


In connection with the March 23, 2016 public offering the Company issued warrants to purchase 6,825,000 shares of common stock with an exercise price of $1.00 per share and expire five years from the issuance date. In connection with the Company’s July 23, 2013 initial public offering, the Company issued warrants to the underwriters for 125,000 shares of common stock issuable at $12.50 per share upon exercise and expire five years from the issuance date. On March 10, 2011, the Company issued warrants to purchase shares of common stock to third parties in consideration for a private equity placement transaction of which 17,392 warrants remain outstanding.  The warrants have an exercise price of $0.48 per share and expire ten years from the issuance date. During the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 no warrants were exercised. As of June 30, 2017 the Company has outstanding warrants to purchase 2,961,571 shares of common stock issuable at $1.00 per share; warrants to purchase 125,000 shares of common stock issuable at $12.50 per share; and warrants to purchase 17,392 shares of common stock issuable at $0.48 per share. These warrants do not meet the criteria required to be classified as liability awards and therefore are treated as equity awards.


Stock Options


The following is a summary of the stock option activity for the six months ended June 30, 2017:


 

 

Shares

 

 

Weighted

Average

Exercise

Price

 

Outstanding, December 31, 2016

 

 

1,136,753

 

 

$

3.93

 

Granted

 

 

1,526,500

 

 

$

0.84

 

Forfeited

 

 

(143,253

)

 

$

2.10

 

Outstanding, June 30, 2017

 

 

2,520,000

 

 

$

2.16

 


The weighted average grant-date fair value of stock options granted during the six months ended June 30, 2017 was $0.57. The fair value of each stock option was estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following weighted average assumptions for stock options granted during the six months ended June 30, 2017:


Dividend yield

 

 

0.0

%

Expected volatility

 

 

76.62

%

Risk-free interest rate

 

 

2.20

%

Expected lives (years)

 

 

6.25

 


The risk-free interest rate is based on U.S. Treasury interest rates at the time of the grant whose term is consistent with the expected life of the stock options. The Company used an average historical stock price volatility based on an analysis of reported data for a peer group of comparable companies that have issued stock options with substantially similar terms, as the Company did not have sufficient trading history for its common stock. Expected term represents the period that the Company’s stock option grants are expected to be outstanding. The Company elected to utilize the “simplified” method to estimate the expected term. Under this approach, the weighted-average expected life is presumed to be the average of the vesting term and the contractual term of the option.


Expected dividend yield was considered to be 0% in the option pricing formula since the Company had not paid any dividends and had no plans to do so in the future. The forfeiture rate was considered to be none as the options vest on a monthly basis.


The Company recognized $123,418 and $128,405 in stock-based compensation expense for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively and $245,142 and $338,839 in share-based option compensation expense for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively for the Company’s stock option awards.



12



HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 


The following table summarizes information about stock options outstanding at June 30, 2017:


Options Outstanding

 

 

Options Vested and Exercisable

 

Balance

as of

6/30/2017

 

 

Weighted

Average

Remaining

Contractual

Life

(Years)

 

 

Weighted

Average

Exercise

Price

 

 

Balance

as of

6/30/2017

 

 

Weighted

Average

Remaining

Contractual

Life

(Years)

 

 

Weighted

Average

Exercise

Price

 

2,520,000

 

 

8.6

 

 

$2.16

 

 

882,308

 

 

7.1

 

 

$4.12

 


As of June 30, 2017, the unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to unvested stock options was $1,812,962, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 17.8 months.


Restricted Stock

The Company recognized $19,686 and $0 in stock-based compensation expense for employees related to restricted stock awards during the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively and $136,207 and $0 in stock-based compensation expense for employees related to restricted stock awards during the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The Company recognized $10,500 and $1,634 in share-based compensation expense related to issuance of shares of restricted stock to non-employees (i.e., consultants) in exchange for services during the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively and $21,000 and $2,917 during the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. As of June 30, 2017 there were 302,625 restricted stock awards granted to employees, all of which were unvested.


Total stock-based compensation expense, including restricted stock and stock options was $402,349 and $341,756 for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.


8. Financing


The Company may sell shares of its common stock through FBR by any method permitted that is deemed an “at the market offering” as defined in Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), including sales made directly on or through the NASDAQ Capital Market, the existing trading market for the Company’s common stock, sales made to or through a market maker other than on an exchange or otherwise, in negotiated transactions at market prices, and/or any other method permitted by law. Sales of shares of common stock are made pursuant to the Company’s effective shelf registration statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-199274) filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), the base prospectus, dated October 23, 2014, filed as part of such registration statement and the prospectus supplement, dated August 15, 2016. FBR is entitled to compensation at a fixed commission rate up to 3.0% of the gross proceeds per share sold through it as sales agent under the sales agreement. Beginning in August 2016 and through December 31, 2016, the Company sold 4,791,377 shares of common stock under the FBR Sales Agreement resulting in net proceeds of approximately $6.8 million. As of June 30, 2017, the Company has sold an additional 2,346,727 shares of common stock under the Sales Agreement resulting in net proceeds of approximately $2.3 million after FBR’s commission and other expenses.


Public Offering


On March 28, 2017, the Company sold pursuant to the terms of an Underwriting Agreement (the “Underwriting Agreement”) that it entered into on March 23, 2017 with Aegis Capital Corp. (“Aegis”), as representative of the several underwriters named therein (the “Underwriters”), 5,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, and 750,000 additional shares of the common stock to cover over-allotments at an offering price of $0.80 per share (the “Offering”). The net proceeds to the Company from the Offering were approximately $4.1 million, after deducting underwriting discounts, commissions, and other third party offering expenses. The Underwriting Agreement contains customary representations, warranties, and agreements by the Company, customary conditions to closing, indemnification obligations of the Company and the Underwriters, including for liabilities under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), other obligations of the parties and termination provisions.




13



HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 


9. Grant Revenues


In June 2016, Pelican entered into a Cancer Research Grant Contract (“Grant Contract”) with CPRIT, under which CPRIT awarded a grant not to exceed $15.2 million for use in developing cancer treatments by targeting a novel T cell costimulatory receptor (namely, TNFRSF25). The Grant Contract covers a three-year period from June 1, 2016 through May 31, 2019.


Upon commercialization of the product, the terms of the Grant Contract require Pelican to pay tiered royalties in the low to mid-single digit percentages. Such royalties reduce to less than one percent after a mid-single-digit multiple of the grant funds have been paid to CPRIT in royalties.


The Company recognized grant revenue of $411,250 and $0 in the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, for qualified expenditures under the grant. As of June 30, 2017 the Company had deferred revenue of $1,409,212 for proceeds received but for which the costs had not been incurred or the conditions of the award had not been met.


10. Net Loss Per Share


Basic and diluted net loss per common share is calculated by dividing net loss applicable to Heat Biologics, Inc. by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period, without consideration for common stock equivalents. The Company’s potentially dilutive shares, which include outstanding stock options and warrants, are considered to be common stock equivalents and are only included in the calculation of diluted net loss per share when their effect is dilutive. The following table reconciles net loss to net loss attributable to Heat Biologics, Inc.:


 

 

Three Months Ended

June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Net loss

 

$

(3,309,081

)

$

(3,032,767

)

 

$

(6,549,809

)

 

$

(7,767,253

)

Net loss: Non-controlling interest

 

 

(90,166

)

 

(107,546

)

 

 

(140,956

)

 

 

(282,428

)

Net loss attributable to Heat Biologics, Inc.

 

$

(3,218,915

)

$

(2,925,221

)

 

$

(6,408,853

)

 

$

(7,484,825

)

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

Weighted-average number of common shares used in net loss per share attributable to Heat Biologics, Inc.—basic and diluted

 

 

35,244,833

 

 

17,524,641

 

 

 

31,124,119

 

 

 

13,324,641

 

Net loss per share attributable to Heat Biologics, Inc.—basic and diluted

 

$

(0.09

)

$

(0.17

)

 

$

(0.21

)

 

$

(0.56

)


The following potentially dilutive securities were excluded from the calculation of diluted net loss per share due to their anti-dilutive effect:


 

 

For the Six Months Ended

June 30,

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

Outstanding stock options

 

 

2,520,000

 

 

1,574,484

 

Outstanding restricted stock units

 

 

302,625

 

 

 

Outstanding common stock warrants

 

 

3,103,963

 

 

6,967,382

 


11. Income Tax

 

Income taxes are accounted for using the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to temporary differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases, operating loss carryforwards, and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. As of June 30, 2017, a full valuation allowance has been provided against certain deferred tax assets as it is currently deemed more likely than not that the benefit of such net tax assets will not be utilized. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.



14



HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 


In accordance with FASB ASC 740, Accounting for Income Taxes, the Company reflects in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements the benefit of positions taken in a previously filed tax return or expected to be taken in a future tax return only when it is considered ‘more-likely-than-not’ that the position taken will be sustained by a taxing authority. As of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company had no unrecognized income tax benefits and correspondingly there is no impact on the Company’s effective income tax rate associated with these items. The Company’s policy for recording interest and penalties relating to uncertain income tax positions is to record them as a component of income tax expense in the accompanying statements of operations and comprehensive loss. As of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company had no such accruals.





15



 


ITEM 2.

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.


You should read the following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations together with our financial statements and related notes included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. The following discussion contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results and the timing of certain events could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors, including those discussed below and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report. This discussion should be read in conjunction with the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements and the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 31, 2017 (the “2016 Annual Report”). This discussion may contain forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. See “Forward-Looking Statements.”


OVERVIEW


We are an immuno-oncology company developing novel therapies designed to activate a patient’s immune system against cancer utilizing an engineered form of the protein, gp96, a potent immune response stimulator and the basis of our core technology.  Our platform technologies are designed to turn “cold” tumors “hot” by increasing the ability of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) to attack the tumor.  We do this by addressing two distinct, but synergistic mechanisms-of-action: robust activation and proliferation of CD8+ T cells, or “killer” T cells and T cell co-stimulation. Heat’s highly specific T cell-stimulating therapeutic platform technologies, ImPACT® (Immune Pan-Antigen Cytotoxic Therapy) and ComPACT (Combination Pan-Antigen Cytotoxic Therapy), are intended to activate and, in the case of ComPACT, also co-stimulate “killer” T cells.  Most recently, we acquired two additional T cell co-stimulators through the acquisition of Pelican Therapeutics, Inc. (“Pelican”), broadening our pipeline and strengthening our portfolio in the emerging T cell activation space.


Through our ImPACT® platform technology, we have developed product candidates that consist of live, allogeneic “off-the-shelf” genetically-modified, irradiated human cancer cells. These cells are intended to secrete a broad spectrum of Cancer Testis Antigens (CTA) together with the gp96 protein. The secreted antigen gp96-Ig-CTA complexes are designed to activate a patient’s adaptive, T cell mediated immune system to recognize and kill cancer cells. Gp96 has been shown to assist in tumor rejection by delivering multiple, mutated tumor proteins to immune cells to stimulate a CD-8+ immune response against a patient’s cancer cells. Our ImPACT® technology achieves this by reprogramming live tumor cells to secrete gp96, along with their chaperoned tumor antigens; thereby, transforming the allogeneic cells into machines that activate a robust “killer” CD8+ T cell immune attack against a patient’s cancer.


Our ComPACT™ platform technology, currently in preclinical development, is a dual-acting immunotherapy, combining a pan-antigen T cell activator and a T cell co-stimulator in a single product, offering the potential benefits of combination immunotherapy without the need for multiple, independent biologic products.  The platform has been engineered to incorporate various fusion proteins targeting co-stimulatory receptors (OX40, ICOS, GITR, TL1A, etc.) into the gp96-Ig expression vector, enabling the combination of two immunotherapy pathways into a single therapy.


Using our ImPACT® platform technology, we developed the product candidate, HS-110 (viagenpumatucel-L), as a potential treatment for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (“NSCLC”). We are conducting a Phase 2 clinical trial evaluating HS-110 in combination with nivolumab (Opdivo®), a Bristol-Myers Squibb anti-PD-1 checkpoint inhibitor, to treat patients with NSCLC whose cancers have progressed after first-line therapy. Our multicenter, open-label trial is expected to initially enroll 18 patients evaluable for baseline biopsy and is designed to accommodate cohort expansion up to 30 patients per arm (approximately 60 patients).   Primary and secondary trial endpoints include safety and tolerability, immune response, overall response rate, and progression-free survival.  Trial enrollment is currently ongoing.




16



 


On March 21, 2017, we reported positive interim results for our NSCLC trial, indicating a favorable safety profile, low toxicities and robust immune response. At that time, 15 patients had been treated with the HS-110/nivolumab combination, and 12 of these 15 patients were evaluable for ELISPOT analysis. ELISPOT results suggest that HS-110 plays an integral role in tumor reduction and may enhance efficacy of checkpoint inhibitors in lung cancer patients. Immune responses to HS-110 were observed in all five patients that exhibited tumor reductions. No tumor reductions were observed in patients that did not mount an immune response to HS-110. The timing of immune response to HS-110 corresponded to the timing of observed clinical responses, and those responses appear to be sustained. Furthermore, at that time, five patients had been enrolled in the low tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) cohort. Three of the five patients (60%) experienced significant tumor reduction, which is higher than the 10% response rate of low TIL patients reported for existing data on nivolumab alone1.


On April 28, 2017, we completed the acquisition of 80% of Pelican’s common stock. Pelican is a biotechnology company focused on the development and commercialization of monoclonal antibody and fusion protein-based therapies that are designed to activate the immune system. PTX-25, Pelican’s lead product candidate targeting the T cell co-stimulator, TNFRSF25, combined with immunotherapies, including ImPACT and ComPACT, may have the ability to activate memory CD8+ cytotoxic T cells and eliminate tumor cells in patients. PTX-25 is designed to harness the body's natural tolerance mechanisms to reprogram the immune system and provide a long-term, durable effect after a short course of therapy. PTX-15, Pelican’s second product candidate, is a human TL1A-lg fusion protein designed to stimulate the specific proliferation of Treg cells in vivo to provide precise control of the regulatory arm of our immune system, and can be used in immuno-oncology and other disorders. We believe this is important because many leading global pharmaceutical companies are focused on T cell co-stimulators to enhance the effectiveness of their existing immune-oncology therapies.


On June 1, 2016, Pelican was awarded a $15.2 million Cancer Prevention Institute of Texas (CPRIT) grant to support further development of PTX-25 and fund a large Phase 1 clinical trial to examine the benefits it may provide to patients with several types of cancers, such as lung, lymphoma, prostate, pancreatic and ovarian. The CPRIT grant is subject to customary CPRIT funding conditions.


Our wholly-owned subsidiary, Zolovax, Inc. (“Zolovax”), is in pre-clinical studies to develop therapeutic and preventative vaccines to treat infectious diseases based on our gp96 vaccine technology, with a current focus on the development of a Zika vaccine in collaboration with the University of Miami.  Other infectious diseases of interest include HIV, West Nile virus, and Dengue and yellow fever.


We continue to evaluate other potential indications for our ImPACT® and ComPACT™ platform technologies.  Specifically, with ComPACT™, we have developed cell lines for several other cancers, with the first product candidate being a second-generation therapy for NSCLC (HS-120). Our decision to further pursue these or any additional product candidates, other than our lead product candidate, will be based in part upon available funding and partnering opportunities. Although we are no longer pursuing our HS-410 bladder cancer program, pursuant to regulatory requirements, we continue to monitor the patients from the bladder cancer Phase 2 clinical trial.

 

Recent Developments


On March 28, 2017, we completed an underwritten public offering of 5,000,000 shares of our common stock at a price to the public of $0.80 per share for gross proceeds of $4.0 million and estimated net proceeds to us of approximately $3.5 million, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and other estimated offering expenses. In addition, on March 30, 2017, we issued 750,000 additional shares of common stock at the public offering price of $0.80 per share in connection with the underwriter’s exercise of their over-allotment option for gross proceeds of $600,000 and estimated net proceeds to us of approximately $548,000 after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions.


———————

1

Teng et al, Cancer Research 75(11) June 1, 2015.



17



 


On April 28, 2017, we consummated the acquisition of 80% of the outstanding equity of Pelican, a related party, and Pelican became a majority owned subsidiary of ours.  Pelican is a biotechnology company focused on the development and commercialization of monoclonal antibody and fusion protein-based therapies designed to activate the immune system. In exchange for 80% of the outstanding capital stock of Pelican on a fully diluted basis, we paid to the Pelican Stockholders that executed the Stock Purchase Agreement (the “Participating Pelican Stockholders”) an aggregate of $500,000 (the “Cash Consideration”), and issued to the Participating Pelican Stockholders 1,331,056 shares of our restricted common stock representing 4.99% of the outstanding shares of our common stock on the date of the initial execution of the Purchase Agreement (the “Stock Consideration”). The Cash Consideration will be reduced by the amount by which certain of Pelican’s accrued liabilities are not satisfied for less than $250,000.  The Cash Consideration and Stock Consideration are being held in escrow for a period of up to six months to secure certain indemnification and other obligations of Pelican and the Participating Pelican Stockholders in connection with the acquisition.


CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND SIGNIFICANT JUDGMENTS AND ESTIMATES


We believe that several accounting policies are important to understanding our historical and future performance. We refer to these policies as “critical” because these specific areas generally require us to make judgments and estimates about matters that are uncertain at the time we make the estimate, and different estimates—which also would have been reasonable—could have been used, which would have resulted in different financial results.


Our management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations is based on our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The preparation of our consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates based on historical experience and make various assumptions, which management believes to be reasonable under the circumstances, which form the basis for judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.


The notes to our audited consolidated financial statements contain a summary of our significant accounting policies. We consider the following accounting policies critical to the understanding of the results of our operations:


·

Revenue;

·

Deferred revenue;

·

In-process R&D;

·

Contingent consideration;

·

Stock-based compensation; and

·

Research and development costs, including clinical and regulatory cost.



RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


Comparison of the Three Months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016


Revenues


For the quarter ended June 30, 2017, we recognized $0.4 million of grant revenue for qualified expenditures under the CPRIT grant. As of June 30, 2017 the Company had deferred revenue of $1.4 million for proceeds received but for which the costs had not been incurred or the conditions of the award had not been met. There was no revenue for the quarter ended June 30, 2016. We continue our efforts to secure future non-dilutive grant funding to subsidize ongoing research and development costs.




18



 


Research and development expense.


Research and development expenses increased by 21% to approximately $2.2 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2017 compared to $1.8 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2016 as we focused on the checkpoint and HS-110 combination NSCLC programs. The components of R&D expense are as follows:


 

 

Three Months Ended,

 

 

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Programs

 

 

 

 

 

 

HS-110

 

$

1.0

 

 

$

0.3

 

HS-410

 

 

0.2

 

 

 

0.5

 

HS-120

 

 

0.0

 

 

 

0.0

 

Other programs

 

 

0.2

 

 

 

0.3

 

Unallocated research and development expenses

 

 

0.8

 

 

 

0.7

 

 

 

$

2.2

 

 

$

1.8

 


·

HS-110 expense increased $0.7 million, primarily attributable to Chemistry Manufacturing and Control (CMC) activities, as well as continued patient enrollment as we advance into Phase 2 of our multi-arm trial. HS-410 expense decreased $0.3 million due to the current phase of the trial where in patients are in long-term follow-up for recurrence-free survival. Other programs include preclinical costs associated with our Zika program, Pelican programs and laboratory supplies.  


·

Unallocated expenses include personnel-related expenses, professional and consulting fees, and travel and other costs. These costs increased approximately $0.1 million primarily related to the increase in consultant fees and travel and other costs offset by a decrease in personnel costs.


General and administrative expense.  General and administrative expense increased 46% to $1.6 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2017 compared to $1.1 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2016. The $0.5 million increase is primarily attributable to the increase in professional services and other third party expenses related to the acquisition of Pelican.


Other income, net. Other income increased to $7,716 for the quarter ended June 30, 2017 compared to the expense of  $57,166 for the quarter ended June 30, 2016. Other income is primarily related to the reimbursement of taxes expensed during the previous quarter associated with clinical trial execution in Australia and foreign exchange gains related to the Australian dollar.


Interest expense.  Interest expense was zero for the quarter ended June 30, 2017 compared to $0.1 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2016. Interest expense during the quarter ended June 30, 2016 was attributable to the bank loan the Company held at that time.  In December 2016, the Company repaid the loan in total.


Net loss attributable to Heat Biologics, Inc. We had a net loss attributable to Heat Biologics, Inc. of $3.2 million, or ($0.09) per basic and diluted share for the quarter ended June 30, 2017 compared to a net loss of $2.9 million, or ($0.17) per basic and diluted share for the quarter ended June 30, 2016.


Comparison of the Six Months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016


Revenues


For the six months ended June 30, 2017, we recognized $0.4 million of revenue primarily for grant revenue of qualified expenditures under the CPRIT grant.  We also recognized research funding revenue for research and development services, which included labor and supplies, provided to Shattuck Labs, Inc. (“Shattuck”) which research funding agreement ended January 31, 2017. There was no revenue for the six ended June 30, 2016. We continue our efforts to secure future non-dilutive grant funding to subsidize ongoing research and development costs.




19



 


Research and development expense.


Research and development expenses decreased by 27% to approximately $4.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to $5.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016 as we focused on the checkpoint and HS-110 combination NSCLC programs. The components of R&D expense are as follows:


 

 

Six Months Ended,

 

 

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Programs

 

 

 

 

 

 

HS-110

 

$

1.4

 

 

$

1.0

 

HS-410

 

 

0.5

 

 

 

2.0

 

HS-120

 

 

0.0

 

 

 

0.3

 

Other programs

 

 

0.3

 

 

 

0.4

 

Unallocated research and development expenses

 

 

1.8

 

 

 

1.7

 

 

 

$

4.0

 

 

$

5.4

 


·

HS-110 expense increased $0.4 million, primarily attributable to CMC activities, as well as continued patient enrollment as we advance into Phase 2 of our multi-arm trial. HS-410 expense decreased $1.5 million due to the current phase of the trial in which patients are in long-term follow-up for recurrence-free survival. HS-120, ComPACT  decreased $0.3 million due to reductions in CMC activities. Other programs include preclinical costs associated with our Zika program, Pelican programs and laboratory supplies.  


·

Unallocated expenses include personnel-related expenses, professional and consulting fees, and travel and other costs. These costs increased approximately $0.1 million primarily related to the increase in consultant fees and travel and other costs offset by a decrease in personnel costs.


General and administrative expense.  General and administrative expense increased 47% to $3.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to $2.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016. The $1.0 million increase is primarily attributable to the increase in professional services and other third party expenses related to the acquisition of Pelican.


Balance Sheet at June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016


Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets.  Prepaid expenses and other current assets were approximately $0.3 million as of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016. The minimal decrease was primarily due to the reduction in the amount paid in advance to our clinical research organizations (CRO) as we progress our clinical trial studies for HS-410 and HS-110.


In-Process R&D and Goodwill. As of June 30, 2017, the Company recorded in-process R&D of $5.9 million and goodwill of $2.2 million from its acquisition of Pelican Therapeutics, Inc.  The Company had no in-process R&D nor goodwill as of December 31, 2016.

 

Accounts Payable.  Accounts payable was approximately $1.0 million as of June 30, 2017 compared to approximately $0.3 million as of December 31, 2016. The increase of approximately $0.7 million was primarily related to payables for legal fees, patent fees, and other third party services associated with our acquisition of Pelican Therapeutics, Inc.


Deferred Revenue. As of June 30, 2017 the Company had deferred revenue of $1.4 million for proceeds received for the CPRIT grant but for which the costs had not been incurred or the conditions of the award had not been met. The Company had no deferred revenue as of December 31, 2016.

 

Accrued Expenses and Other Liabilities. Accrued expenses were approximately $0.7 million as of June 30, 2017 compared to approximately $1.3 million as of December 31, 2016. The decrease of approximately $0.6 million was related to 2016 employee bonuses which were accrued at December 31, 2016 but subsequently paid in January 2017 as well as expenses related to our acquisition.


Other Long Term Liabilities. Long term liabilities were $0.4 million as of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016. The minimal decrease was attributable to the percent of investigator site fees that are held back until the clinical study is complete reclassed to current liabilities.




20



 


Contingent Consideration.  As of June 30, 2017 the Company had contingent consideration of $2.4 million related to its acquisition and is recorded on our consolidated balance sheets.  This amount represents fair value of future milestone payments to Pelican shareholders which were discounted in accordance with ASC 805. The Company had no contingent consideration as of December 31, 2016.


LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES


Sources of Liquidity


We commenced active operations in June 2008. To date, we have not generated any significant revenues and have primarily financed our operations with net proceeds from the private placement of our preferred stock, our July 2013 initial public offering in which we received net proceeds of $24.3 million, our March 2015 public offering in which we received net proceeds of $11.1 million, our March 2016 public offering in which we received net proceeds of $6.1 million and an additional $3.9 million as of June 30, 2017 from the exercise of 3,863,429 warrants, and our March 2017 Public Offering in which we received net proceeds of $4.1 million. In addition, we have received $9.3 million of net proceeds from sales through the At Market Issuance Sales Agreement (the “FBR Sales Agreement”) with FBR Capital Markets & Co. through June 30, 2017. As of June 30, 2017, we had an accumulated deficit of $63.4 million. We had net losses of $6.5 million and $7.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.


We expect to incur significant expenses and continued losses from operations for the foreseeable future. We expect our expenses to increase in connection with our ongoing activities, particularly as we continue the research and development and advance our clinical trials of, and seek marketing approval for, our product candidates. We are currently devoting substantially all of our resources to developing HS-110 and other combination therapies, including conducting clinical trials.  In addition, we have agreed to provide Pelican with approximately $0.9 million, which is the amount necessary for Pelican to access its first year of grant funding from CPRIT and will be required to provide additional matching funds in order to access the remainder of the CPRIT grant. In addition, if we obtain marketing approval for any of our product candidates, we expect to incur significant commercialization expenses related to product sales, marketing, manufacturing and distribution. Accordingly, we will need to obtain substantial additional funding in connection with our continuing operations. Adequate additional financing may not be available to us on acceptable terms, or at all. If we are unable to raise capital when needed or on attractive terms, we would be forced to delay, reduce or eliminate our research and development programs or any future commercialization efforts. We will need to obtain additional financing to pursue our business strategy, to respond to new competitive pressures or to take advantage of opportunities that may arise.  Accordingly, there is substantial doubt that we can continue as an on-going business for the next twelve months unless we obtain additional capital.  To meet our capital needs, we are considering multiple alternatives, including, but not limited to, additional equity financings, debt financings, partnerships, collaborations and other funding transactions in order to focus our resources on our product candidates. This is based on our current estimates, and we could use our available capital resources sooner than we currently expect. We are continually evaluating various cost-saving measures in light of our cash requirements in order to focus our resources on our product candidates. We may take additional action to reduce our immediate cash expenditures, including re-visiting our headcount, offering vendors equity in lieu of the cash due to them and otherwise limiting our other research expenses, in order to focus our resources on our product candidates. We will need to generate significant revenues to achieve profitability, and we may never do so. As of June 30, 2017, we had $8.3 million in cash and cash equivalents.


Our cash and cash equivalents are currently held in an interest-bearing checking and money market accounts.


Cash Flows


Operating activities.  The use of cash in all periods resulted primarily from our net losses adjusted for non-cash charges and changes in the components of working capital. The decrease in cash used in operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2016 is due to a decrease in clinical and regulatory expenses as we focus our attention on Phase 2 of our HS-110 multi-arm clinical trial. Additionally, there was a decrease in other operational costs primarily associated with decreases in headcount in all departments.


Investing activities.  Cash used in investing activities were primarily for our acquisition of Pelican Therapeutics, Inc. Cash provided by investing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2016 was primarily from proceeds from maturities of various short-term investments as well as the purchase of property and equipment. After the quarter ended March 31, 2016, we no longer hold short-term investments.


Financing activities.  Cash provided by financing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2017 was from the March 2017 public offering which generated net proceeds of approximately $4.1 million, as well as $2.3 million net proceeds from the FBR sales agreement. Cash provided by financing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2016 was primarily from the March 2016 public offering which generated net proceeds of approximately $6.1 million.



21



 


Funding Requirements


We believe that our existing cash and cash equivalents will not be sufficient to meet our anticipated cash needs for the next twelve months. To meet our financing needs, we are considering multiple alternatives, including, but not limited to, additional equity financings, debt financings, partnerships, collaborations and other funding transactions. We are continually evaluating various cost-saving measures in light of our cash requirements. We may take additional action to reduce our immediate cash expenditures, including re-visiting our headcount, offering vendors equity in lieu of the cash due to them and otherwise limiting our other research expenses, in order to focus our resources on our product candidates.  Thereafter, we intend to meet our financing needs through the issuance of equity or debt and/or funding from partnerships or collaborations.


OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS


We did not have during the periods presented, and we do not currently have, any off-balance sheet arrangements, as defined under Securities and Exchange Commission rules.


ITEM 3.

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.


Not applicable to smaller reporting companies.


ITEM 4.

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES.


Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures


Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Vice President of Finance, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of June 30, 2017. The term “disclosure controls and procedures,” as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act, means controls and other procedures of a company that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. We have adopted and maintain disclosure controls and procedures (as defined Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) that are designed to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed in the reports filed under the Exchange Act, such as this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, is collected, recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules of the SEC. The Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are also designed to ensure that such information is accumulated and communicated to management to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.  Management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives and management necessarily applies its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures. During the course of the quarter, we identified a material weakness in our controls relating to accounting for significant transactions, as described below. Based on the evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report and upon that discovery, our Chief Executive Officer and Vice President of Finance concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective at a level that provides reasonable assurance as of the last day of the period covered by this report.


Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

During the second quarter of 2017, we identified a material weakness in our controls over financial reporting related to the purchase price accounting for the acquisition that occurred during the quarter. Specifically, we did not design and maintain effective controls related to the acquisition for the purchase price of the acquired assets and liabilities of Pelican. We believe the financial statements included herein properly reflect the correct amount and proper classification of the acquired net assets of Pelican.


In order to remediate this material weakness, we plan to implement the following steps to improve the overall processes of identifying and reviewing purchase accounting considerations beyond the recording of the initial purchase price:


·

Add additional considerations to our processes to address the accounting for and financial statement presentation of activities that occur beyond the initial purchase accounting and subsequent adjustments to purchase accounting; and



22



 


·

Perform additional internal review processes to ensure the appropriate accounting and disclosure of significant transactions.


Based on these planned measures, management believes that the material weakness will be remediated by the end of the fiscal year. Should additional changes to the remediation plan be warranted, management will modify the planned measures accordingly.

 

Other than the identification of the material weakness related to the acquisition of Pelican, there were no changes in the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting that materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting during the period ended June 30, 2017.


 



23





PART II—OTHER INFORMATION 


ITEM 1.

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.


From time to time we may become involved in legal proceedings or be subject to claims arising in the ordinary course of our business. We are not presently a party to any legal proceedings that, if determined adversely to us, would individually or taken together have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, financial condition or cash flows. Regardless of the outcome, litigation can have an adverse impact on us because of defense and settlement costs, diversion of management resources and other factors.


ITEM 1A.

RISK FACTORS.


The following information and updates should be read in conjunction with the information disclosed in Part 1, Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” contained in our 2016 Annual Report. Except as disclosed below, there have been no material changes from the risk factors and uncertainties disclosed in our 2016 Annual Report.


We expect to continue to generate operating losses and experience negative cash flows and it is uncertain whether we will achieve profitability.


For the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, we incurred a net loss of $6.5 million and $7.8 million, respectively. We have an accumulated deficit of $63.4 million through June 30, 2017. We expect to continue to incur operating losses until such time, if ever, as we are able to achieve sufficient levels of revenue from operations. Our ability to achieve profitability will depend on us obtaining regulatory approval for our product candidates and market acceptance of our product offerings and our capacity to develop, introduce and sell our products to our targeted markets. There can be no assurance that any of our product candidates will be approved for commercial sale, or even if our product candidates are approved for commercial sale that we will ever generate significant sales or achieve profitability. Accordingly, the extent of future losses and the time required to achieve profitability, if ever, cannot be predicted at this point.


Even if we succeed in developing and commercializing one or more product candidates, we expect to incur substantial losses for the foreseeable future and may never become profitable. We also expect to continue to incur significant operating expenses and anticipate that our expenses will increase substantially in the foreseeable future as we:


·

continue to undertake preclinical development and conduct clinical trials for product candidates;

·

seek regulatory approvals for product candidates;

·

implement additional internal systems and infrastructure; and

·

hire additional personnel.


We also expect to experience negative cash flows for the foreseeable future as we fund our operating losses. As a result, we will need to generate significant revenues or raise additional financing in order to achieve and maintain profitability. We may not be able to generate these revenues or achieve profitability in the future. Our failure to achieve or maintain profitability would likely negatively impact the value of our securities and financing activities.


We will need to raise additional capital to operate our business and our failure to obtain funding when needed may force us to delay, reduce or eliminate our development programs or commercialization efforts.


During the six months ended June 30, 2017, our operating activities used net cash of approximately $5.4 million and as of June 30, 2017 our cash and cash equivalents were approximately $8.3 million. During the year ended December 31, 2016, our operating activities used net cash of approximately $13.5 million and as of December 31, 2016 our cash and cash equivalents were approximately $7.8 million. We have experienced significant losses since inception and have a significant accumulated deficit. As of June 30, 2017, our accumulated deficit totaled approximately $63.4 million and as of December 31, 2016, our accumulated deficit totaled approximately $57.0 million on a consolidated basis. We expect to incur additional operating losses in the future and therefore expect our cumulative losses to increase. We do not expect to derive revenue from any significant source in the near future until we or our potential partners successfully commercialize our products. Despite cost-saving measures that we implemented, we expect our expenses to increase if and when we initiate and conduct Phase 3 and other clinical trials, and seek marketing approval for our product candidates. Until such time as we receive approval from the FDA and other regulatory authorities for our product candidates, we will not be permitted to sell our products and therefore will not have product revenues from the sale of products. For the foreseeable future we will have to fund all of our operations and capital expenditures from equity and debt offerings, cash on hand, licensing fees and grants.




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We expect that our current cash and cash equivalents will allow us to complete the enrollment of additional patients in the Phase 2 clinical trial for HS-110; however, if the trial design or size were to change, we may need to raise money earlier than anticipated.


We will need to raise additional capital to fund our future operations and we cannot be certain that funding will be available on acceptable terms on a timely basis, or at all. To meet our financing needs, we are considering multiple alternatives, including, but not limited to, current and additional equity financings, which we expect will include sales of common stock through the FBR Sales Agreement, debt financings and/or funding from partnerships or collaborations. There can be no assurance that we will be able to meet the requirements for use of the FBR Sales Agreement, especially in light of the fact that we are subject to the smaller reporting company requirements, or to complete any such transactions on acceptable terms or otherwise. Any additional sources of financing will likely involve the issuance of our equity or debt securities, which will have a dilutive effect on our stockholders. To the extent that we raise additional funds by issuing equity securities, our stockholders may experience significant dilution. Any debt financing, if available, may involve restrictive covenants that may impact our ability to conduct our business. If we do not succeed in raising additional funds on acceptable terms, we may be unable to complete planned preclinical and clinical trials or obtain approval of our product candidates from the FDA and other regulatory authorities. In addition, we could be forced to delay, discontinue or curtail product development, forego sales and marketing efforts, and forego licensing in attractive business opportunities. Any additional sources of financing will likely involve the issuance of our equity or debt securities, which will have a dilutive effect on our stockholders.


We have identified a material weakness our internal controls, and we cannot provide assurances that this weakness will be effectively remediated or that additional material weaknesses will not occur in the future. If our internal control over financial reporting or our disclosure controls and procedures are not effective, we may not be able to accurately report our financial results, prevent fraud, or file our periodic reports in a timely manner, which may cause investors to lose confidence in our reported financial information and may lead to a decline in our stock price.

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over our financial reporting, as defined in Rule 13a- 15(f) under the Exchange Act.   During the second quarter of 2017, we identified a material weakness in our controls over financial reporting related to the accounting for significant transactions that occurred during the quarter. Specifically, we did not design and maintain effective controls related to the acquisition for the purchase price of the acquired assets and liabilities of Pelican. Although management believes that the control deficiencies will be remediated by the end of the fiscal year there can be no assurance that the deficiency will be remediated at such time or that the internal control over financial reporting, as modified, will enable us to identify or avoid material weaknesses in the future.  In addition, the material weakness will not be considered remediated until the applicable controls operate for a sufficient period of time and management has concluded, through testing, that these controls are designed and operating effectively. 


ITEM 2.

UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS.

 

None that were not previously disclosed in our Current Reports on Form 8-k.


ITEM 3.

DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES.


Not Applicable.


ITEM 4.

MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.


Not Applicable.


ITEM 5.

OTHER INFORMATION.


None.


ITEM 6.

EXHIBITS.


The exhibits filed as part of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are set forth on the Exhibit Index, which Exhibit Index is incorporated herein by reference.





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SIGNATURES


Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.


 

 

HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Date: August 14, 2017

 

By: 

/s/ Jeffrey A. Wolf

 

 

 

Jeffrey A. Wolf

 

 

 

Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 

(Principal executive officer)

 

 

 

 

Date: August 14, 2017

 

By:

/s/ Ann A. Rosar

 

 

 

Ann A. Rosar

 

 

 

Vice President of Finance

 

 

 

(Principal financial and accounting officer)









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EXHIBIT INDEX

Exhibit No.

 

Description

3.1

 

Certificate of Amendment to the Certificate of Incorporation of Heat Biologics, Inc., dated July 13, 2017 (incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Form 8-K (File No. 001-35994) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 17, 2017).

10.1

 

Amendment to Employment Agreement with Jeff T. Hutchins dated as of June 29, 2017 (incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Form 8-K (File No. 001-35994) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 30, 2017).

10.2

 

Amendment to Employment Agreement with Ann Rosar dated as of June 29, 2017 (incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Form 8-K (File No. 001-35994) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 30, 2017).

10.3

 

2017 Stock Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Appendix B to the Registrant’s Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 11, 2017).

31.1*

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) or 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

31.2*

 

Certification of Vice President of Finance pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) or 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

32.1*

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

32.2*

 

Certification of Vice President of Finance pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

101.INS*

 

XBRL Instance Document

101.SCH*

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

101.CAL*

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

101.DEF*

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

101.LAB*

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

101.PRE*

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

———————

*

Filed herewith.





27